Delicious Gluten Free Almond Flour Chocolate Chip Cookies

By Rhonda Mulford
Vice President, Kirkman Group, Inc.
Nutritional Therapy Practitioner

This is a great segue to get your family away from the high sugar, processed ingredients in regular cookies to a more paleo, nutrient dense cookie.

These cookies helped me to get off sugar as I was eliminating it from my diet. I found that when I made them they disappeared very quickly. My sons and husband think these are really good. I was shocked!  Not only does it cut down the flour (gluten) and sugar but they are also very filling. You’ll only want a few.

To make extra special cookies, you may want to make your own almond flour.
See the instructions below.


(Make with gluten free varieties of ingredients)

2 cups almond meal, or almond flour
1/4 cup butter  (organic grass feed is best)
2 Tablespoons  Raw Honey or 3 TBS pure maple syrup
1/4 teaspoon sea salt
1/2 teaspoon baking soda
2 teaspoons vanilla extract 
1/2 cup dark chocolate chips


Preheat oven to 350°F.

In a medium bowl, whisk together the almond meal, salt, and baking soda, then add the butter, honey or maple syrup and vanilla extract (you can drop the vanilla if you used the maple syrup) and mix well.

Add chocolate chips and mix. Use spoon or small ice cream scooper to form cookies and drop onto cookie sheet.  Bake at 350°F for 10 minutes or when the base of cookie is browned.

How To Make Your Own Almond Flour

You’ll want a big bag of almonds so you can use it for this recipe and save some to use later. I usually buy the big bags at my local box store.

First soak the almonds in water overnight.  Remove the brown, outer skin. Next put the almonds in a dehydrator for about a day or until they feel like nuts again. Put nuts in a food processor and process until you have a flour-like consistency.

Voila’ . . . you have almond flour.

Posted in Gluten Free / Casein Free, recipe | Leave a comment

Don’t Overlook These 5 Great Supplements!

At Kirkman® we just completed our annual review of the products we sell. This happens at a meeting, usually lasting several days, at which our management discusses each, individual product that we manufacture and/or market. Kirkman® offers more than 350 products so it’s that rare opportunity to get up close and personal with every product.

 One of the discussions we always have is identifying REALLY GREAT products that get overlooked by our customers. Obviously, we may need to explain these products more fully to you so that you understand their benefits.  So, here goes – our top five list of REALLY GREAT, overlooked products . . . Order them now and get 50% off as an introduction to these great supplements. Offer lasts through the month of June and while supplies last.


1. Bone Health Advanced Formula (#0498-120)

Supports bone and teeth health. Gluten and casein free. Capsules are plant based. Ultra Tested®.


Kirkman’s Bone Health Advanced Formula incorporates the best ingredients to support bone and teeth health based on the latest scientific advances.

This formulation uses calcium and magnesium in forms that are particularly absorbable by the body. Two different forms of calcium (carbonate and citrate) are combined with two forms of magnesium (oxide and glycinate) to supply 300 mg of calcium and 150 mg of magnesium per the two capsules serving. Calcium and magnesium provide the foundation for strong bones and teeth.


In addition, vitamin D-3 and vitamin K have been added because these nutrients enhance the absorption of minerals and increase mineral density in the bone. Further, there is evidence in human intervention studies that vitamins K and D, a classic in bone metabolism, work synergistically to improve bone health. Boron is also included based on studies that indicate that boron improves body stores of calcium and magnesium and improves bone density. Boron accomplishes this by aiding the body’s retention of these minerals and limiting their urinary excretion.


The normal daily serving is two capsules, however up to six capsules may be taken daily if recommended by a physician. 


2. B-Complex with CoEnzymes Pro-Support Hypoallergenic Capsules (0095-200) or Powder (0499-007)

A proprietary blend that incorporates all eight of the B vitamins. Hypoallergenic. Gluten and casein free. Capsules are plant based. Ultra Tested®.

 Kirkman’s B-Complex with CoEnzymes Pro-Support capsules contain significant doses of all eight B vitamins. This formulation includes the active form of vitamin B-6, pyridoxyl 5-phosphate, and the soluble form of vitamin B-2, riboflavin phosphate. Choline is also present for liver support. During times of stress, the body requires high amounts of the B-Complex vitamins.  Our B-Complex Pro-Support formulation is offered in hypoallergenic capsules or powder forms.


3. PQQ (Pyrroloquinoline Quinone) Hypoallergenic (0521-030)

Pyrroloquinoline Quinone (PQQ) is a micronutrient that provides powerful antioxidant activity for a strong defense against mitochondrial decay.


PQQ is a nutrient viewed as the latest advance in the area of mitochondrial bioenergetics. In 2010, researchers found that it not only protected mitochondria from oxidative damage but it also stimulated growth of fresh mitochondria.

 Scientists have also discovered that PQQ has extraordinary molecular stability that allows it to carry out thousands of electron transfers without undergoing molecular breakdown. In recent research, it has proven especially effective in neutralizing the ubiquitous superoxide and hydroxyl radicals, which may make it more efficient than other nutrients with antioxidant activity in sustaining mitochondrial energy production.

 Recent research also shows that PQQ is a potent growth factor in plants, bacteria and higher organisms. In animal research, subjects deprived of PQQ showed stunted growth, compromised immune systems, impaired reproductive capability and fewer mitochondria in their tissues.

 Kirkman® offers hypoallergenic PQQ in 20 mg vegetarian capsules.


4. Toxicity Control (0538-120)

Assists in removing toxins from the body. Free of common allergens. Gluten and casein free. Capsules are plant based. Ultra Tested®.

Toxicity Control is a product that supports the body’s natural detoxifying pathways. These natural pathways are mechanisms for removing environmental contaminants, which can invade the body through air, water, contaminated food, contaminated dietary supplements or contaminated garments or jewelry. 

The product components include:  vitamin C, vitamin E and selenium which enhance the body’s detoxification pathways; taurine, a sulfur based amino acid with detoxifying properties; modified citrus pectin which supports reduction in metal stores in the body; curcumin (turmeric), a spice with clinical detoxification studies; milk thistle, a flowering plant which detoxifies the body’s organs; glutathione, the body’s most powerful immune system supporter; N-Acetyl Cysteine, an ingredient known for strong antioxidant activity; calcium d-glucarate, which acts in a similar manner as natural fruits and vegetables, also known to support detoxification.

This product provides for normal, healthy environmental detoxification.


5. Thera Response – Hypoallergenic (0300-180)

A comprehensive multi-vitamin specially formulated for individuals who don’t respond to high vitamin B-6/magnesium supplements. Hypoallergenic. Gluten and casein free. Capsules are plant based. Ultra Tested®.


Kirkman’s Thera Response is a proprietary multi-vitamin specially formulated for individuals who do not respond to high vitamin B-6/magnesium supplements such as Kirkman’s Super Nu-Thera® products but who need a comprehensive multi-vitamin.

Thera Response is an extremely comprehensive multi-vitamin formulation that incorporates ingredients that were selected based on physicians’ reports regarding effectiveness. Nutrients in this formulation include: folinic acid; vitamin methyl B-12; trace minerals, such as selenium, chromium, molybdenum and iodine; vitamin A as acetate and beta carotene; buffered vitamin C and the mineral factor lithium.

Thera Response is a hypoallergenic product in vegetarian capsules, specially formulated for individuals with sensitivities. 

Posted in Immune System, Special Offer, Vitamins, Minerals, and Nutrition | Leave a comment

A Vitamin Primer — Important Things You Should Know About Vitamins

By Kulani Mahikoa
Executive Vice President, Marketing
Kirkman Group, Inc.

The first thing to know is that vitamins (along with minerals and amino acids) are considered “essential” nutrients, that is – you need them.  So whether you get your vitamins from food or from supplement manufacturers like Kirkman®, knowing about these nutrients that make your body run is a good idea.


What Are Vitamins?

Vitamins are important contributors to normal metabolism or the chemical processes that must occur in your body to maintain life. Scientists have said that to be considered a “vitamin” the nutrient must be organic, that is, it contains one carbon atom in its molecular structure.

Only two vitamins can be produced by the body.  These are Vitamin D-3, produced by the intake of sun on the skin and vitamin K, made in small amounts by friendly bacteria in the gut. Most of our vitamins come from plants and even vitamins from animal products, such as eggs, come from plants that were ingested by an animal or created by bacteria.

Vitamins are also associated with specific health conditions caused by a deficit of a vitamin nutrient. Vitamins are either fat-soluble or water-soluble. Fat soluble vitamins are absorbed through the intestinal tract and are stored in the fatty tissues of the body and the liver. They can stay in the body as reserves for days, some of them for months.  Water soluble vitamins do not get stored in the body for long and are excreted in urine. They need to be continually replenished.

 How Many Vitamins Are There? What Do They Do? What are Sources?

 There are currently 13 recognized vitamins.  Below is a list of vitamins and some of their key characteristics:


1. Vitamin A (0366-001) (Retinol, Retinal) – Promotes eye health

Sources:  liver, cod liver oil, carrots, broccoli, sweet potato, kale, spinach, pumpkin, egg, apricot, cantaloupe and melon


2. Vitamin B-1 (0095-2000499-007) (Thiamine) – Promotes immune, heart and brain health.

Sources:  yeast, pork, cereal grains, sunflower seeds, brown rice, kale, asparagus, cauliflower, potatoes, oranges, liver and eggs


3. Vitamin B-2 (0095-2000499-007(Riboflavin) – Produces energy and provides antioxidant activity to fight damaging free radicals; also, needed for vitamin B-6 and folate utilization.

Sources:  cottage cheese, milk, yogurt, meat, eggs, fish, green beans, bananas, asparagus, okra and persimmons


4. Vitamin B-3 (0095-2000499-007(Niacin, Niacinamide) – Promotes heart and metabolic health.

Sources: mushrooms, asparagus, nuts, dates, tomatoes, fish, milk, eggs, whole-grains, brewer’s yeast, legumes and leafy vegetables


5. Vitamin B-5 (0095-2000499-007(Pantothenic Acid) – Enables the use of fats, carbohydrates or protein as energy sources; aids in hormone production and promotes immune system health.  Sources:  root vegetables, leafy vegetables, mushrooms, turnip greens, fruit, legumes, meat, eggs and dairy

6. Vitamin B-6 (0268-1000291-120) (Pyridoxine, Pyridoxal, Pyridoxamine) – Promotes glucose and protein metabolism and the manufacture of hemoglobin for lymph nodes, thymus and spleen health; also, benefits the central nervous system.

Sources:  salmon, carrots, meat, avocados, banana, leafy greens, legumes and nuts 


7. Vitamin B-7 (0382-120) (Biotin, Vitamin H) – Supports the health of the skin, nerves, digestive tract, metabolism and cells.

Sources:  egg yolk and liver


8. Vitamin B-9 (0016-4000040-2000275-2000293-1800425-1800477-1200478-060) (Folic Acid, Folinic Acid, 5MTHF) – Promotes healthy pregnancies and births; supports adrenal function and a healthy nervous system; also, necessary for key metabolic processes.

Sources:  green vegetables, beans, asparagus, bananas, melons, legumes, yeast and mushrooms


9. Vitamin B-12 (0523-1200292-002) (Methylcobalamin, Cyanocobalamin, Hydroxocobalamin) – Promotes proper red blood cell formation, neurological function and DNA synthesis.

Sources:  fish, shellfish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, dairy products, some fortified cereals and soy products


10. Vitamin C (0024-100/2500029-2500393-0070438-0070479-100/250) (Ascorbic Acid) – Helps form and maintain bones, skin and blood vessels and produces collagen, L-carnitine and neurotransmitters; also, metabolizes proteins and provides antioxidant activity.

Sources:  fruits and vegetables


11. Vitamin D (0378-1200380-1200422-1200434-1200428-090) (Ergocalciferol (vitamin D-2), cholecalciferol (vitamin D-3) – Supports the immune system, brain and nervous system; also supports healthy bones and teeth.

Sources: fatty fish, beef liver, cheese, egg yolk and foods fortified with vitamin D, such as dairy products, orange juice and cereals

12. Vitamin E (0030-100/250) (tocopherol, tocotrienol) – Supports heart, brain and nervous system health.

Sources:  avocado, eggs, milk, nuts, leafy vegetables, kiwi fruit, green vegetables, wheat germ and whole grains


13. Vitamin K (0498-120) (phylloquinone, menaquinone) – Supports proper blood clotting, bone metabolism and the regulation of calcium levels.

Sources:  leafy vegetables like kale and swiss chard, parsley, kiwi fruit and avocado


How much do you need of each vitamin?

Here’s where your work gets complicated. A good practice is to enlist the help of your physician, registered dietitian or nutritionist for guidance when deciding what nutrients you need and in what amounts to support your good health.

 There are also four official sources of information on the average requirements of vitamins (and minerals) for good nutrition. These are:

  • RDA (Recommended Daily Allowance) tables - Prepared by the National Academy of Sciences, RDAs have historically been used as the basis of data for vitamins and minerals. RDAs are recommendations for average, safe and adequate amounts of daily nutrient intake by 97 per cent to 98 percent of healthy men, women, boys and girls in different age groups. Specific recommendations are also given for infants, children, teenagers, pregnant and breast-feeding women and adults through age fifty and adults over age fifty.
  • DRI (Dietary Reference Intakes) tables-  Prepared by the National Academy of Sciences, Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine for both Americans and Canadians. DRI tables updates the RDAs for vitamins, minerals and includes many other nutrients. The DRI tables should eventually replace the RDA tables because they are more comprehensive. New in the DRIs was the establishment of the Tolerable Upper Intake levels (UL) for each nutrient as a guide to help decrease negative side effects that can develop from excessive intake of nutrients.
  • DV (Daily Value) tables -  Prepared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for product labeling purposes.
  • Foreign and international standards - Prepared by member nations of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO), the tables offer comparison standards between the U.S., WHO and Canada for vitamins and minerals.
  • (You can find these tables under Resources on Kirkman’s website).


Food vs Supplements for Vitamins

In 2016, a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that the majority of American adults used dietary supplements. The Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN) that has tracked the use of dietary supplements in the U.S. for more than 15 years, reported in 2016 that 71% of U.S. adults, or more than 170 million Americans, reported taking dietary supplements.

The popularity of dietary supplements as a source of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients reflects the public’s opinion that they can’t get enough of the nutrients they need from food. There is world-wide concern that our modern farming and food processing practices are adulterating and robbing the nutrients in our food supply. Additionally, busier lifestyles take many individuals in the direction of fast-food restaurants with their convenient staples of foods that are calorie-rich and nutrition poor.

Let’s not lose sight of the important issue, which is getting the nutrients you need. Dietary supplements provide a convenient and safe alternative to food to get those needs met.

Posted in Environmental Health & Toxicity, Ultra Tested, Vitamins, Minerals, and Nutrition | Leave a comment

The Kirkman® Difference

By Larry Newman
Vice President, Chief Operating Officer
Technical & Regulatory Affairs
Kirkman Group, Inc.
All vitamin products are not the same. Kirkman® has been in the forefront of producing the highest quality pharmaceuticals and specialty nutritional supplements since our inception in 1949. We work with leading researchers, doctors and scientists in developing our products. Science and individual needs are what drive Kirkman’s product lines. Our mission and purpose is to offer the purest, most up to date, highest quality dietary supplements available in the marketplace and in the dosage forms which will be easy to administer to children, adults and individuals with special needs and special requirements. 




Kirkman® also formulates its products to be appropriate for the sensitive individual, or for those with allergic tendencies. These versions of our products are what makes up our very popular “Hypoallergenic” product line. The hypoallergenic line is free of casein, gluten, wheat, milk, soy, colors, artificial flavors, sugar, peanuts, tree nuts and shellfish. Kirkman® also avoids corn wherever possible. Our products are continuously tested for all the common allergens recognized by the Food and Drug Administration. If there are any traces of any allergen, this is clearly stated after the ingredient list on the label. Test results are available for viewing upon request. 


This highest degree of quality in Kirkman® products has led Kirkman® to establish our Ultra Tested™ seal which is a program that ensures that all the raw materials that go into Kirkman® products and all the finished products that we sell are continuously monitored for potency, purity, allergens, PCB’s, pesticides, harmful chemicals, microbiological contamination and heavy metals content by our independent quality control department and by the outside  laboratories we utilize. This Ultra Tested™ program is the most comprehensive testing program in the industry with Kirkman® testing for 950 potential contaminants. Continuous high quality you can trust is the Kirkman® difference. Kirkman® started as the quality leader in dietary supplements and we continue to lead in this category over 50 years later.

Posted in Allergies & Allergens, Ultra Tested | Leave a comment

How Nutritional Supplements Can Help with the Stress of the Holidays

Most people probably don’t need to read a biometric study to know that the holidays can be stressful, but such a study has been performed. The findings: shopping can be as stressful as running a marathon, with shoppers’ heart rates increasing 32 percent. And that’s just shopping; so far there are no hard data on how stressful cooking, decorating, traveling and in-laws can be.

Clearly, holiday stress can be significant, and many of us would benefit from tools to help us cope — preferably something healthy. Luckily, there are several nutrients that have been clinically demonstrated to help alleviate stress. These include:


B-vitamins cannot be stored in our bodies, so we depend entirely on our daily diet to supply them. They are essential to mental and emotional well-being. Crucially, they are required for the production of serotonin and norepinephrine, neurochemicals that are related to mood. They have also been demonstrated to reduce stress in clinical trials.1

Dimethylglycine & Trimethylglycine

Both dimethylglycine (DMG) and trimethylglycine (TMG) increase the body’s natural production of SAMe or S-adenosyl methionine, which, in turn reduces homocysteine levels. Homocysteine has been linked to various stress conditions and heart problems. 

EFA Powder

Essential fatty acids

Essential fatty acids have been shown to reduce stress hormones such as cortisol and

adrenaline. Cortisol (the “stress hormone”) is produced by the adrenal gland as part of the fight-or-flight response. It promotes heightened alertness during dangerous or stressful situations.

Gamma amino butyric acid (GABA)

GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that is conducive to a relaxed state. Neurotransmitters all fall into one of two classes — inhibitory or excitatory. In simple terms, excitatory neurotransmitters turn neurons on, while inhibitory neurotransmitters turn neurons off. If there is not enough GABA in the brain, too many neurons can be left in the “on” state, and relaxation can become difficult.


Magnesium can have a relaxing effect on both muscles and the brain. Like essential fatty acids, it reduces the amount of the stress hormone cortisol in the body. Though magnesium appears to reduce stress, stress in turn appears to reduce magnesium. Those who experience stress over a long period of time show depleted levels of magnesium.2





1. Stough C, Scholey A, Lloyd J, Spong J, Myers S, Downey LA. “The effect of 90 day administration of a high dose vitamin B-complex on work stress.” Human Psychopharmacology. 2011 Oct;26 (7):470-6. doi: 10.1002/hup.1229. Epub 2011 Sep 8.

2. Cuciureanu, M., Vink, R., “Magnesium and stress.” Magnesium in the Central Nervous System. DOI: 10.1017/UPO9780987073051.020

Posted in Stress, Vitamins, Minerals, and Nutrition | Leave a comment

Scare Up Some Halloween Fun with These Allergen Free Treats

By Sonnie Sei
Staff Writer
Kirkman Group, Inc

Halloween is a celebration of fun, friends and food! From Halloween parties, school parties or trick-or-treating, there are endless opportunities to indulge in candy and sweets.

Don’t let your kids feel left out from all of the Halloween festivities due to allergies or sensitivities. Instead, whip up some tasty treats ahead of time that you and your family can enjoy. All of these are allergen free and fun to make.

Kirkman’s Halloween Cupcakes

Create a worry free dessert for you and your kids to look forward to after trick-or-treating.
Try these cupcakes topped with an allergen free frosting.




  • Preheat oven to 350° F.
  • Mix sugar substitute and margarine until smooth; beat in eggs until blended.
  • Mix together flour, salt, cocoa powder and baking powder in a separate bowl, and slowly sift into wet ingredients, while mixing.
  • Add vanilla and milk substitute.
  • Fill greased or paper-lined cupcake tins ¾ of the way full.
  • Bake for 18-22 minutes or until a toothpick inserted in the middle of the cupcake comes out clean. 



Directions For Frosting:

  • Melt the chocolate chips in the microwave for 30 second intervals or use a double boiler 
on the stove. Stir until smooth. Allow to cool for about 5 minutes.
  • Scoop only the thick coconut cream from the can. (Use the watery liquid from the can for another recipe like a smoothie.)
  • Add the coconut cream to a stand mixer and blend until smooth. Slowly pour in the melted chocolate chips into the mixer and blend until combined well.
  • Use frosting to decorate cupcakes or keep refrigerated until ready to decorate. May need to soften in the microwave for 30 seconds if kept refrigerated for a long period of time.

Kirkman’s Ghostly Strawberries

Here’s a fun and safe snack to look forward to after trick-or-treating. This cute and easy-to-make Halloween treat is simply white chocolate covered strawberries with melted chocolate chip features.



  • Prepare a baking sheet by lining it with waxed paper.
  • Wash the strawberries and pat them dry. Make sure they’re truly dry and don’t have any wet patches, otherwise you’ll have trouble dipping them.
  • Melt the white chocolate in the microwave, stirring after every 30 seconds until it is smooth and fluid. If you are using white chocolate chips, they might be quite stiff when you melt them, so you can add a spoonful of vegetable shortening to make the chocolate softer if necessary.
  • Hold a strawberry by the stem and dip it in the chocolate until it is almost entirely covered. Hold it over the bowl and let the excess drip back into the bowl, then scrape the bottom against the lip of the bowl. Place the berry on the prepared baking sheet.
  • Repeat the process until all of the strawberries are covered with white chocolate. Refrigerate the tray until the chocolate is set, for about 15 minutes.
  • While you’re waiting for the white chocolate to harden, melt the semi-sweet chocolate. Pour it into a paper cone or plastic baggie with a small hole cut in the corner.
  • Decorate the strawberries with the chocolate so they have eyes and mouths and resemble ghosts. Let the chocolate set completely before serving.

Ghost Strawberries are best eaten the day they are made. Store them in the refrigerator until serving.

Candy Corn Marshmallow Ghosts

Create an allergen-free snack that is sure to bring Halloween to life. These spooky candy corn marshmallow ghosts are fun to make and guaranteed to be the life of any party!


  • 1 bag of vegan, gluten free marshmallows
  • 8 ounces of white chocolate 
  • Vegetable, canola or coconut oil
  • Yellow food coloring
  • Orange food coloring
  • cups Paskesz Real Semi-Sweet Chocolate Chips (melted) 


  • Melt the white chocolate (in the microwave, or on the stovetop).
  • Pour into two separate bowls and add yellow food coloring to one and orange to the other. Whisk.
  • Dip your marshmallow in the orange first, about ⅓ of the way up and then set on parchment paper. Proceed throughout the marshmallows doing the orange, placing your dipped marshmallows on a platter or a table lined with parchment.
  • Once the chocolate is set up and firm, repeat with the yellow and only coat half way up the orange color. Again, let that set up.
  • Melt the semi-sweet chocolate chips, and use a toothpick to gently make two eyes on each marshmallow. Let them set up before bagging.   
Posted in Allergies & Allergens, Gluten Free / Casein Free, recipe | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Toxicity Control Helps Our Bodies Detoxify

Though the human body has built-in systems for removing toxins, systems that have evolved over the course of millennia, the environmental assaults of the modern world are historically unprecedented. The slow pace of evolution is no match for the speed with which technology moves. For now, humans are stuck with bodies that developed long before plastics (or pesticides, or flame retardants etc.) were conceived. With our detoxification systems now required to do more work than ever before, it only makes sense to give them some help.

Toxicity ControlIt can no longer be denied that the world is changing dramatically all around us, with our environment becoming more and more toxic due to contaminants and pollutants:

  • Our water supply is becoming increasingly contaminated from heavy metal impurities that industry is releasing into the soil or through wastewater diverted into our rivers and streams.
  •  Industry is releasing polluted air and gases into our atmosphere, which affects the quality of the air we breathe.
  • The plants and herbs in our food are being sprayed with hundreds of different pesticides and fungicides that leave toxic residues.
  • The animals making up food sources we eat are feeding off more contaminated soils.
  • The products we use and the food we consume contain questionable chemicals and preservatives, some of which are known to be toxic.
  • The materials used to package products contain chemicals (solvents, stabilizers, colorants etc.) that can be toxic.
  • Toxic mold, yeast and microbiological contamination are becoming increasingly prevalent.
  • The presence of common allergens is increasing.

As these changes are occurring, the scientific community is becoming more knowledgeable about the consequences of a toxic environment. Several health conditions are linked to environmental elements. Developmental disorders, gastrointestinal conditions, immune system deficiencies, allergies and neurological disorders have all been linked to environmental exposures.

Prospective new parents are aware that it takes healthy individuals to have healthy babies with good pregnancy outcomes. Toxicity can result in miscarriage, preterm births, chronic medical conditions or neurological or developmental abnormalities. No matter where we live and no matter how carefully we choose our food, some level of toxicity will creep into our bodies.

Studies are being undertaken to determine what levels of various contaminants are toxic. The problem is much more complex, however, than just examining each individual contaminant. For example, we can study lead or mercury and determine what are harmful levels, but how do we measure the cumulative effects of these contaminants ingested in combination? What happens when you ingest high amounts of lead in conjunction with mercury, cadmium, other heavy metals, pesticide residues and other harmful chemicals? The possible combinations of ingested contaminants are endless.

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